CHAPTER 3: History to 1800 > Later Renaissance - 16th century

Illustrations - 10 of 10

fig. 54: woodcut by Christoph van Sichem (1580-1648),
after Hendrik Goltzius (1558-1617), Haags Gemeentemeuseum, Nethderlands

The engraving by Christoph van Sichem (fig. 54), after Hendrik Goltzius (fl.1580-1600) suggests an instrument with - rather unusually - a single treble bridge (type 1.2); it seems to have 9II strings, to be rather finely decorated and placed on a cloth-covered table.

It is, of course, plucked, and the rather open way in which the hand is held suggests that several fingers - and perhaps the thumb - of each hand are being used, i.e. that chords were produced (c.f. Cellier, mentioned below, and fig. 57). Goltzius was in Italy in 1590-91, in the middle of his engraving period (10), so the model could conceivably have been either Italian or Flemish: the only reference to plucking a dulcimer in the Netherlands seems to have been the Schoon Boecxken of 1568, discussed below, to whose readers the word slaen might equally have meant 'hit'; so the likelihood is that the model was in fact an early example of a plucked salterio-dulcimer.